anxiety disorders

Treatment of anxiety

Anxiety, which can be described as a state of excessive worry, apprehension and restlessness, is one of the states most commonly experienced by people. When confronted with a threat, people feel a high level of apprehension. At the same time fight or flight reactions set in when the nervous system is strongly stimulated. These establish themselves as sweating, shivering, hot flushes, numbness, palpitations, a feeling of suffocation, alienation. They are produced by the sympathetic nervous system whose task is to deal with danger.

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Although obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common disorder (seen at a rate of 1.6-2.2 % in the general population), for various reasons its diagnosis is usually delayed.

What is Phobia? What are the causes and methods of treatment?

Phobia is a form of stress disorder and is defined as a condition in which certain situations, living or non-living things or surroundings produce a high level of fear in the individual. Persons suffering from phobia experience certain dangers as much more threatening then these would normally require, and go to great lengths in avoiding these situations. When faced with the object of their phobia they feel a high level of anxiety which can manifest as a state of total panic or horror.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

What is a psychological trauma? What is meant by psychological trauma is an event significant enough to inflict emotional damage on anyone who is exposed to it. We can list some of the traumas created by men as follows: war, physical or sexual assault, serious accidents, being a witness to harm inflicted to oneself or someone else. Some traumatic events are caused by nature, like fires, earthquakes, storms and floods.

Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)

People with social anxiety disorder believe that in social situations they are being looked at, scrutinized and judged by other people. This produces great anxiety in the sufferers of social anxiety disorder. They try and avoid such environments, and if they cannot avoid them they refrain from participating in conversations and, for example, prefer to sit in a corner where they are least likely to draw attention to themselves. Even the thought of being in a social situation makes them anxious. Some people only become anxious in particular situations, like talking, writing, or playing an instrument in front of a crowd. Others experience anxiety in almost all social situations and environments like a restaurant, canteen, seminar room or a friends gathering, where they feel they are being looked at.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Anxiety (worries, concerns, distress) is normally a necessary part of human nature, in that it acts as a signal indicating that internal demands are waiting to be satisfied. There are many internal demands like hunger, thirst, sex etc. The body expects these to be satisfied there and then. In reality however the external world generally does not allow this to happen. In such a situation we experience anxiety. We have a series of defence mechanisms that come into play, starting from denying the presence of the stimulus all the way to ridiculing it. If the defence mechanisms prove insufficient then psychiatric disorders can set in. One of these is generalized anxiety disorder.