Headaches and psychiatry

Headaches are one of the most common complaints. Headaches can be due to a minor reasons like influenza, or they can due to other medical conditions which may have very serious implications. Therefore the main approach should be to regard the headache primarily as a symptom and investigate if it is the by-product of another illness.

Caffeine Addiction and Psychiatry

Being the most common stimulant used today, caffeine has become a drug that is easy to reach as a result of its excessive consumption. Considered a sub-member of the substance use disorder, caffeine addiction was classified as a clinical disorder by the World Health Organization and took its place in the DSM-5 manual under the title “substance abuse disorder”.

Implementation of TMS in Depression

Major depression is a mood disorder characterized by emotional, behavioral and cognitive dysfunction. Individuals having depression history in their families have a higher risk of suffering from depression.

Migraine and dTMS

In recent years, migraine has become one of the most common nervous system diseases in the world with a steady increase. Peter Goadsby, a Neurology Professor in King’s College London, defined migraine as “a hereditary-oriented headache progressing with sensory disorders .


History of TMS

Brain stimulation methods have been used for treatment purposes since quite ancient times. In the 1960s, a research for the effectiveness of low currents on brain began. Having been successfully implemented for the very first time during the 1980s by Anthony Barker et al., TMS is a non-invasive stimulation method being used today for research and treatment purposes. Science is a combination of expertise and engineering.

Deep TMS (Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation)

What is Deep TMS?

Deep TMS is mostly implemented on treatment-resistant disorders, such as major depression, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), addiction, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a drug-free and non-surgical treatment that does not require anesthetics. The patient is awake and conscious during the implementation. The left prefrontal cortex of the brain is stimulated by giving magnetic pulses 4 cm under the head through a plate placed onto the skull. Therefore, the neurons functioning over electrical activity become active via magnetic stimulation. It aims to intervene in major cerebral structures like singulat girus in the limbic system.  This area is the most primitive structures of the emotional brain and is responsible for the regulation of the emotional behaviors.  Improvements are expected to occur in empathy, impulsive control and decision-making.