Social anxiety disorder, which is also known as “social phobia” in daily life, is a disorder included in the group of anxiety disorders, namely the psychological disorders with the main symptoms of anxiety, fear and anxiety.
Social phobia… The best way to translate it into Turkish is probably “the fear of what others will say”. Like in any other psychiatric illness here too biological, psychological and sociological factors jointly play a role. Looking at the biological aspect, the sympathetic system that organises the transition into the “fight or flight” position discharges.
Phobia is a form of stress disorder and is defined as a condition in which certain situations, living or non-living things or surroundings produce a high level of fear in the individual. Persons suffering from phobia experience certain dangers as much more threatening then these would normally require, and go to great lengths in avoiding these situations. When faced with the object of their phobia they feel a high level of anxiety which can manifest as a state of total panic or horror.
People with social anxiety disorder believe that in social situations they are being looked at, scrutinized and judged by other people. This produces great anxiety in the sufferers of social anxiety disorder. They try and avoid such environments, and if they cannot avoid them they refrain from participating in conversations and, for example, prefer to sit in a corner where they are least likely to draw attention to themselves. Even the thought of being in a social situation makes them anxious. Some people only become anxious in particular situations, like talking, writing, or playing an instrument in front of a crowd. Others experience anxiety in almost all social situations and environments like a restaurant, canteen, seminar room or a friends gathering, where they feel they are being looked at.
In this article, the recent studies made on panic disorders are summarized. The age range where panic disorder is observed the most is 20-29, and it was founded that the rate of prevalence in women of these ages is two times higher than that of men.
The first step of the panic disorder treatment is to inform the patient about panic and its treatment. As it is considered that being informed about panic disorder and its symptoms has a healing effect, reliable books and other sources of information can be presented.