Prof. Dr. Kemal Arıkan
Psychiatrist

How to implement Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback Nasıl Uygulanır?

Also known as EEG (electroencephalography), Neurofeedback is a therapeutic intervention providing instant feedback through a computer-based software that evaluates the brainwave activities. The software uses audio or visual signals to re-regulate or retrain these brain signals. By responding to this process, clients learn how to re-regulate and improve their brain functions and to alleviate the symptoms of various neurological and mental health disorders.

Neurofeedback could be helpful in children, adolescents and adults with behavioral disorders, attention deficit disorders, autism, ongoing developmental retardations, brain injuries, birth trauma, anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, stress-related problems, sleep deprivation or broken sleep patterns, and in people with age-related cognitive decline. It is also possible to use neurofeedback as an additional intervention in company with other forms of treatment.

How to implement Neurofeedback

While you are seated in a chair, the therapist attaches electrodes on your scalp. With the help of a software, data are provided about various brainwave frequencies. Using a software that is similar to video games, you will watch graphs or listen to music while your brain and central nervous system receive feedback signals from the software. The software will subsequently start directing your brainwave activity to more desired and controlled patterns. When your brain model patterns develop, you will get an instant feedback from the software. You should be able to recognize the changes in stress, sleep patterns or mental clarity in between the sessions.

How Can Neurofeedback be Functional?

Neurofeedback is considered an assistant to manage or regulate the functioning of the brain, thus enabling the brain to work more healthily. Neurofeedback is obtained through recurrent sessions by using a computer software that teaches our central nervous system how to re-regulate and regulate the brainwave frequencies. Neurofeedback assesses our brain and provides information about the areas of dysfunction that bring about symptoms, for a direct treatment. Various methods and equipment of neurofeedback are used for different neurological problems.

What You Should Look for in a Neurofeedback Therapist

Licensed mental health specialists, who have been trained to use the neurofeedback equipment and software, can provide neurofeedback services at private clinics and hospitals. As well as finding someone with an educational background and relevant experience, look for a therapist, with whom you would feel comfortable talking about your personal problems and who understands your special condition and clearly explains the neurofeedback process, its potential benefits, and your problems.

REFERENCES:
– Kubik, A., Kuik, P., Stanios, M., Kraj, B., Clinical and neurophysiological data of neurofeedback therapy in children with ADHD. Przegl Lek. 2016;73(3):148–51.
– Nicholson, A. A., Ros, T., Frewen, P. A. et al., Alpha oscillation neurofeedback modulates amygdala complex connectivity and arousal in posttraumatic stress disorder. NeuroImage: Clinical. February 2016;(12):506–16.
– Anguera, J. A., Boccanfuso, J., Rintoul, J. L. et al. Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults. Nature. 5 Sep 2013;501(7465):97–101.
– Brandmeyer, T. and Delorme, A. Meditation and neurofeedback. Frontiers in Psychology. 2013;4:688.
– Stoler, E. R., What is Neurofeedback? Psychology Today Blogs. 4 Oct 2014.
– Neurofeedback and Biofeedback for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Review of the Clinical Evidence and Guidelines—An Update. CADTH Rapid Response Reports. 26 Aug 2014
– https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/therapy-types/neurofeedback. Erişim tarihi: 10 Haziran 2020.

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