Prof. Dr. Kemal Arıkan
Psikiyatrist

What is Neurofeedback?

Humans being a bio-psycho-sociocultural creature makes personal and diversified treatment methods a necessity. In addition to pharmacological attempts, secondary treatments and complementary methods can accelerate the solution of the problems experienced by the people in the treatment of the disorders. Neurofeedback is one of these complementary methods.

At any given moment, our brain processes internal and external signals and responds to them. However, in some cases, the signals received by the brain cannot be processed properly, which leads to a failure to give the proper responses. This situation may lead to some cognitive and behavioral disorders. Therefore, daily life skills and functionalities of the people are deteriorated. Neurofeedback aims to fix these deteriorations and to improve functionality.

In short, Neurofeedback is a learning-based, complementary method that regulates the electric currents produced by the individual’s brain, and that improves its functionality.

How does Neurofeedback work?

Neurofeedback is a learning-based, self-regulation method that aims to let the individual see and train their own brain activities, through a monitor and a sound system in a room that is insulated from sound and light as much as possible.

Does Neurofeedback have side effects?

Neurofeedback is becoming one of the subjects that are being researched. According to the studies being carried out, Neurofeedback has no known side effects. People do not feel any pain during the application.

On Whom Can Neurofeedback be Applied?

It can be applied on people of all ages with no visual or auditory problems. Neurofeedback is used in many problems, where brain waves are irregular:

  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
  • Anxiety
  • Migraine
  • Panic disorder
  • Epilepsy
  • OCD

REFERENCES:
– Arns M, Ridder S, Strehl U, Breteler M, Coenen A. Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: the effects on inattention impulsivity and hyperactivity: a meta-analysis. Clinical EEG Neuroscience. 2009; 40: 180-189.
– Monderer RS, Harrison DM, Haut S R. Neuro feedback and epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior. 2002; 3: 214–218.
– Raymond J, Varney C, Parkinson LA, Gruzelier JH. The effects of alpha/theta neuro feedback on personality and mood. Cognitive Brain Research. 2005; 23: 287–292.
– Vernon D, Frick A, Gruzelier J. Neurofeedback as a treatment for ADHD: A methodological review with implications for future research. Journal of Neurotherapy. 2004; 8: 53-82.
– Hammond D C. What is neurofeedback: an update. Journal of Neurotherapy. 2011; 15: 305-336.

Neurofeedback Nedir?

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