What is Postpartum Depression?
The birth of babies brings excitement, happiness and joy. Nevertheless, approximately 60 percent of new mothers suffer from postpartum depression (PPD). This disorder could have a mild or severe course, and its symptoms include anxiety, depression, uneasiness, confusion, and crying spells as well as problems related to sleep and appetite.
It is covered in the DSM-V within the scope of the “Mood Disorders”, and it is defined as the onset of the episode within the four postpartum weeks, under the title “Postpartum Onset Determinant”.
Indubitably, new fathers are also susceptible to sleep deprivation and stress-related moods. As per the JAMA Network, 7 to 10% of men are exposed to postpartum depression. Some men feel as sad and depressed as new mothers.
Postpartum depression mostly affects young fathers who have a history of depression, financial hardships or limited sources and who have a weak emotional bond with their spouses. Furthermore, a study published in the journal titled “Hormones and Behavior” found a correlation between depression and low testosterone levels in new fathers.
Postpartum depression is a disorder that is treatable by psychotherapy, antidepressants or antipsychotic medication or through a strong social support network. In cases that have a more severe course, however, it is possible to treat by hospitalization, if the mother lacks reasoning or insight.
It is of paramount importance to particularly understand and evaluate the extent of the familial and social support during the psychotherapy process. Furthermore, the client’s own perception with regard to their expectations and responsibilities in respect of the role of motherhood should particularly be taken into consideration and analyzed in this process.