Quarantine and the Psychology of Staying at Home
Preliminary results show that adults, who have been facing physical and mental problems due to COVID-19 besides having a low satisfaction with life, are affected more by the current situation.
Researchers from the Universities of Adelaide, Tongji and Sydney, conducted a study in 64 Chinese cities over a total of 369 people, who lived under the quarantine measures for the past month of February (Zhang, Wang, Rauch, & Wei, 2020).
Conducted under the leadership of Dr. Stephen Zhang from the University of Adelaide, this study included individuals, who ceased working and isolated themselves in quarantine due to their current health conditions and as they carried a higher risk of being affected both mentally and physically.
Dr. Zhang said that they analyzed the effects of a one-month quarantine period on people’s health, distress and satisfaction with life as many regions of the world recently started the quarantine process, and that the results could provide support for the measures to be taken in other countries with regard to quarantines.
The study published in the Psychiatry Research demonstrates that adult individuals with chronic disorders, who live in areas where the effects of COVID-19 are densely observed, show more dissatisfaction compared to those without any health issues.
However, Prof. Andreas Rauch, one of the co-authors of the study, states that they were not surprised by the fact that the adults, who ceased going to work, showed worse mental and physical health conditions and reported that they were distressed. On the other hand, it is shown that positive results could be yielded by the fact that the adults, who keep working from home during the global pandemic, have a valuable purpose and feel the sense of the routine.
One of the most interesting and unexpected results of the study was the fact that the people, who exercised for at least two hours a day during the time they spent at home, felt more dissatisfaction and distress compared to those who exercised for maximum thirty minutes a day.
This result shows that the people that exercised less could have been those who did not have an active life style prior to the quarantine process, and that the people, who exercised more, could have been more active prior to the quarantine process, and that they may be more disappointed as a result of the current measures and limitations. Nevertheless, it should not be ignored that it is still too early to make this inference and that more studies are needed.
– Zhang, S. X., Wang, Y., Rauch, A., & Wei, F. (2020). Health, Distress and Life Satisfaction of People in China One Month into the COVID-19 Outbreak. SSRN Electronic Journal, 112958. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3555216